In recent years there has been a growing interest in developing effective methods for content-based image retrieval (CBIR). Image clustering and categorization is a means for high-level description of image content. The goal is to find a mapping of the archive images into classes (clusters) such that the set of classes provide essentially the same information about the image archive as the entire image-set collection. The generated classes provide a concise summarization and visualization of the image content that can be used for different tasks related to image database management. Image clustering enables the implementation of efficient retrieval algorithms and the creation of a user-friendly interface to the database.
A common approach to image clustering involves addressing the following issues:
1. Image features – how to represent the image.
2. Organization of feature data – how to organize the data.
3. Classifier – how to classify an image to a certain cluster.
In our work we propose a new method for unsupervised image clustering. We use probabilistic continuous Gaussian Mixture models (GMM), for the image representation, and information theoretic principles for image classification and database organization.
Examples for images and their related GMM representation
ellipsoid represents the support, mean color and spatial layout of a particular Gaussian in the image plane.
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